The Consonants [V] and [W]
For Lesson 11 we are going to continue learning the alphabet letter names and sounds with the consonants [V] and [W]. [V] as in vase, [W] as in water.
Feel free to adapt these lessons as needed. Resource links are listed at the bottom of the page.
The first step in teaching letter sounds to your child is to model the sound of the letter (with correct pronunciation). Then have your child repeat the sound after you. Have your child sit directly across from you in their chair, ideally with a table in between you and your child.
Review previous lesson(s) as needed. For review, simply go over the lesson a second time, perhaps a few days after the lesson was initially taught. Then move on to the next lesson unless your child has difficulty.
Note: Additional “didactic” or learning materials can help your child learn more easily. For example, magazine pictures or anything small that starts with your letter sound that you can bring to class will help with these lessons.
The Sound of the Letter [V]
Place the letter card (flashcard) on the desk in front of your child. Point at the letter. Say “This is the letter V. V as in vase.” Then say the sound the letter [V] makes so your child can easily hear your pronunciation. Say [V] as in vase or violin, but don’t say the whole word – just pronounce the first letter [V].
“vuh, vuh, vuh, vuh, vuh”
Next, have your child say the [V] sound, just like you did. If they aren’t sure or if they make mistake, help or correct them by repeating the pronunciation yourself.
“vuh, vuh, vuh, vuh, vuh”
Don’t forget the letter [V] flashcard too!
Letter [V] at the Beginning of a Word ~ Alliteration for Consonant Practice
“A vase with a variety of vegetables.”
Repeat the alliteration a few times and clap along with your sentence. See if you can get your child to repeat the sentence and clap along with you.
Use the picture below to illustrate the alliteration. Feel free to make up your own for extra practice.
Extra Practice: “A vulture practices playing the violin.”
Letter [V] at the End of a Word ~
English words do not end in V. There will always be an E after the V. If you can hear the “v” sound at the end of an English word (have, save, slave, active, hive, serve), it’s a safe bet there is a letter E at the end. 
The saying is: “No English words end in V, it will always be followed by an E.”
The Sound of the Letter [W]
Place the letter card (flashcard) on the desk in front of your child. Point at the letter. Say “This is the letter W. W as in water.” Then say the sound the letter [W] makes so your child can easily hear your pronunciation. Say [W] as in water or walk, but don’t say the whole word – just pronounce the first letter [W].
“wuh, wuh, wuh, wuh, wuh”
Next, have your child say the [W] sound, just like you did. If they aren’t sure or if they make mistake, help or correct them by repeating the pronunciation yourself.
“wuh, wuh, wuh, wuh, wuh”
Don’t forget the letter [W] flashcard too!
Letter [W] at the Beginning of a Word ~ Alliteration for Consonant Practice
“The wolves walk in a winter wood.”
Repeat the sentence a few times and clap along with your sentence. See if you can get your child to repeat the sentence and clap along with you.
Use the picture below to illustrate your sentence. Feel free to make up your own for extra practice.
The Letter [W] at the End of a Word
The letter [W] at the end of a word is not pronounced in the same way it is pronounced at the beginning of a word. In words that rhyme with “cow” (sow, now, how), for example, the letter [W] is pronounced together with the letter [O], and sounds like the ou sound in the word “ouch.” In words that rhyme with “show” (flow, know, bow, low, mow), the letter [W] is pronounced together with the letter [O], and sounds like the o sound in the word “go.” For words that rhyme with “new,” (few, dew, grew), the letter [W] is pronounced together with the vowel /e/ to sound like the “ew” in “eww.”
“A few, new yellow shoots in the snow.”
Extra Practice: “How now brown cow?”
Combining Sight Words with Phonics Instruction
(Do this on a different day(s))
High frequency sight words (also known simply as sight words) are commonly used words that young children are encouraged to memorize as a whole by sight, so that they can automatically recognize these words in print without having to use any strategies to decode or sound out the words they are reading.
Sight words account for a large percentage (up to 75%) of the words used in beginning readers’ print materials. The advantage for children being able to recognize sight words automatically is that a beginning reader will be able to identify the majority of words in a text before they attempt to read it; therefore, allowing the child to concentrate on meaning and comprehension as they read without having to stop and decode every single word.
Play “Sight Word Bingo” or use a flashcard set for the following Sight Words for this lesson plus the previous lessons (taken from Fry’s Sight Word List 1st ~ 100), these include Sight Words that start with the letters A-W.
Download Fry Sight Word Lists at the end of the lesson or visit their website online for more information.
Instructions for Sight Words
[A] a, about, all, am, an, and, are, as, at
[B] be, been, but, by
[C] can, called, come, could
[D] day, did, do, down
[F] find, first, for, from
[G] get, go
[H] had, has, have, he, her, his, how
[I] I, if, in, into, is, it, its
[L] like, long, look
[M] made, may, more, my
[N] no, not, now, number
[O] on, one, or, out
[P] part, people
[S] said, see, she, so, some
[T] than, that, the, them, there, these, they, time
[W] was, water, way, were, what, when, which, who, will, with, words, would, write
Place the sight word card (flashcard) on the desk in front of your child so they can see it. Point at the word and say it at the same time.
Make an effort to enunciate correctly so your child will hear the correct pronunciation.
Use the word in a sentence, “Will we be going to the movie today?” Exaggerate the pronunciation of the sight word for your child.
Then ask your child to repeat the sight word you just said. Be sure and correct them if they make any mistakes. Encourage them and praise them for their effort and pronunciation, even if they make mistakes. Otherwise they will be discouraged from trying.
Repeat for the remaining sight words: Don’t forget to play Sight Word Bingo afterward! Find downloadable Sight Word Lists at the end of this lesson.
Writing the Letters ~ [V] & [W]
Use the Mini Letter Books for handwriting practice, download the additional activity sheets (also available from www.KidZone.ws), or use blank handwriting paper.
Use wide-ruled handwriting paper and large markers or extra thick pencils for this step.
See downloadables and resource links at the end of this lesson.
Explain to your child that they are going to write letters [V] and [W].
 have your child or assist your child with writing (or tracing prewritten letters) on the handwriting paper
 have your child make 5-6 letters
 correct any mistakes and reward them (verbally or with small stickers) for their work
 Next, repeat this exercise with the remaining letters
Beginning Consonants Activity Sheets
Ending Consonants Activity Sheets
English Words with the Letter V at the end